Possible Morning Sickness Remedies

Updated post from a few years ago.

Most women who are pregnant experience some form of “morning sickness” which is a misnomer if ever I heard one. I was rarely sick in the morning specifically. My episodes of nausea and vomiting were almost totally tied to smell or taste. In my first pregnancy, more than once I opened the fridge and some smell struck me and I had to vomit so quickly that I didn’t even try to make it to the bathroom. Fortunately, we had a Dispos-All. The main smells that got me was bread and greens that were starting to go bad. I would either not go down the bread aisle at the store, or take a deep breath and go quickly to get what I needed and get back out. I could eat bread–liked it even–but couldn’t stand the concentrated smell of it. My second pregnancy was a bit easier because I had learned so much during my first–I didn’t even attempt to eat certain things; if something even slightly didn’t appeal to me, I’d avoid it like the plague; and I didn’t worry about eating something out of politeness’ sake. Still, I had some nausea and vomiting, up through the whole first half of both pregnancies. But I know I had it easy.

Unfortunately, a lot of the cases of morning sickness don’t seem to have a known cause, or it’s something you can’t really help (like pregnancy making your hormones out of whack). Nutrition and vitamins are essential, and they are some of the easiest things that you can control. While you can try to avoid known smell triggers or reduce your stress level, you are more likely to be able to control what you put in your mouth much easier than what environment you are in. If you’re not yet pregnant, starting to eat nutritious food and taking prenatal vitamins now will help reduce morning sickness later. If you’re already pregnant and only have mild morning sickness, nutrition and vitamins can keep it from getting worse. Unfortunately, many women have trouble tolerating prenatal vitamins–some women throw them up every time–so you may need to find some different forms of this, such as chewable tablets, or just try to get everything through diet, by being extremely conscious of what you’re eating.

I’m on a few different email lists, and asked specifically for non-medicinal ways to help with morning sickness. Their responses will be below. Some of these things listed will be herbs or supplements, so I want to be very clear that I personally have little or no knowledge of this spectrum of treatments. I like herbs and vitamins and nutrition as ways of preventing or healing disease, but I’ve not taken any of these, and would strongly encourage you to check them out yourself, talk to a qualified herbalist, etc., before taking them. It’s possible that some of these things listed may not be advisable during pregnancy, although I believe that they are all perfectly safe; or you need to check the strength or quantity. [As Lavar Burton on Reading Rainbow always said, “Don’t take my word for it!”]

Lara says:

I had hyperemesis with both of my pregnancies and ginger didn’t help at all. I threw up somewhere between 10-18 times a day, whether I ate or not, and at times it was difficult to even get fluids into me because my veins had collapsed or rolled. I also suffered low iron and couldn’t hold down vitamins or any type of pill. My best advice would be a sublingual like nux vomica, and tablespoons of molasses for natural iron. At the end of my second trimester I also had a beer daily for natural iron and not only did I hold it down but my iron didn’t drop to dangerous levels so I was able to birth my second at home. With the first I never would have done such a thing, so of course I took phenergan and slept most of the time and was put at high risk for low iron. Best advice for vitamins would be flintstone chewables 🙂

Ruth says:

I read a great book called “No More Morning Sickness” which gives ideas about dietary cures. The main thing is to encourage her to eat regularly, because keeping her blood sugar level even and keeping something in her stomach helps curbs the nausea. I had steady sickness with all my pregnancies. I found that eating something right before bed helped in the morning. Also stress contributed to it in the late afternoon and early evening.

This book recommends eating what you have a taste for–separating the tastes to salty, sweet, sour and then just figuring what you really want. She had some patients who were able to keep it at bay by just eating what they craved. Being too worried about the necessary food groups can sometimes present with more stress. So, if she just wants lemonade and watermelon or something like that, it’s still OK!

Dale says:

I’ve had two moms now with severe morning sickness. Both had thyroid issues and both were resolved with iodine supplements and Vitamin C to increase the uptake of the iodine. Martin Watt, www.aromamedical.com, medical herbalist recommends sea kelp pills instead of iodine.And: www.drshevin.com. He is the homeopath who worked with the mama in my class. She was at the point she had lost 20 pounds, coming up on 6 months of pregnancy when she finally went to see him.

Jennifer said:

I had this with all 4 of my children (and it got worse with each one). I can tell you for certain that almost all the common remedies do not work for most women with this issue.

One thing that did help me was eating extremely small amounts of food very often. I also took a liquid supplement in order to try to get some nutrition in me. Even drinking water was difficult at times. I took a homeopathic remedy that I got from a great doc that helped about 30% of the symptoms. I can say that ginger made me feel worse and that I threw up crackers and jello and just about everything else.

Tricia has some remedies on her website (scroll down to “morning sickness”).
Netsitsah says:

My midwife recommends injections of vitamin B-12. But since you’re asking for non-medical ways, perhaps a sublingual B-12 supplement might have some effect?

Kelly said:

I suffered through hyperemesis gravidarum with all 4 of my pregnancies. I was under the care of an OB for each and other than one giving me B6 shots (which had no effect) and one offering to rx an anti-nausea medication given to chemotherapy patients, got no help from “professionals” on this.

Through trial and error I finally got some lasting relief during my last pregnancy utilizing the following:

~lots of protein, good healthy fat included (only fats occurring naturally in meats. I did not and don’t recommend going no-fat. Just don’t add margarine/transfats to things. These kinds of fats, like shortening-fried things, made the vomiting worse.) For me personally, a good piece of baked chicken did me the most good.

~ABSOLUTELY no sugars, refined flour, nothing. When I went w/o these and then had some sugar (a small piece of cake, a cookie, even one bite of something sugary) the symptoms/vomiting came rushing back with a vengeance.After about 4 or 5 days without sugar the vomiting would go away almost entirely.

~water. When I was even mildly dehydrated I found myself vomiting more.

~the smell of lemons seemed to cut the queasy when the above were in place and I wasn’t actually vomiting. Eating them didn’t help with vomiting, but the SMELL did help cut the nausea.

Candace mentioned an article in Mothering magazine about this.

Linda Rae said:

Well, for morning sickness in general, eating small (very small in her case, I would think) protein snacks throughout the day, along with very small meals that include veggies and whole grains to keep up on nutrition as much as possible. It can help to have dry (whole grain toast) or a bit of cheese or other protein snack available next to the bed, so that you nibble before getting up. The idea of keeping always a little bit in the tummy without ever putting in a lot is key here.

Ginger made me quite nauseous during my 3rd pregnancy, although I know it works great for some. Mint tea can be calming for the stomach. Sip teas and healthy fluids. Sometimes just sipping water warm can help the tummy handle it. Ginger ales made from REAL ginger (available sometimes at health food stores), sipped, help some (again, they only made me feel worse when I was already sick – not during preg. this time).

Be careful to avoid any “empty” foods right now, as well as any foods you know you are sensitive to in any way. (I know this is for someone else, but it’s easier for me to write as if I’m speaking directly to whomever) Often, but certainly not always, nutrition has been quite poor before h.g. set in. Nutrition is key either way, whether improving significantly, or maintaining as much as possible.

Dr. Jen said:

The only thing that worked for me was a flax-based B vitamin, so it stays in the system longer. “Linum B6” It has worked for every woman I have ever given it or sent it to.

Julie mentioned Dr. Katharina Dalton, MD who talks in her books about using natural progesterone successfully for nausea and hyperemesis.
Lynn posted a link to this article on morning sickness, as well as the following information on homeopathic remedies. I like this because it has a lot of different things to try, but has specific symptoms that can guide you into trying the most useful things first. Again, you’ll need to check the dosage strength and administration.
For dosage information, please read the information at the end of this section. See also “Using Homeopathy With Professional Guidance” in What Is Homeopathy?
Asarum: This remedy is indicated when a woman feels very ill, with constant nausea and retching. She is extremely sensitive to everything—especially noise, which can aggravate the nauseous feelings. She feels best when lying down and resting. Cool drinks or food may help, but it is hard for her to even think of eating.
Colchicum: Horrible nausea that is worse from the sight and smell of food (especially eggs or fish) often indicates this remedy. The woman retches and vomits, and has a sore and bloated feeling in the abdomen. She has trouble eating anything — although she often craves things, when she tries to eat them they make her sick. She is likely to feel ill from many smells that others don’t even notice.
Ipecacuanha: This remedy is indicated for intense and constant nausea that is felt all day (not only in the morning) with retching, belching, and excessive salivation. The woman may feel worse from lying down, but also worse from motion. Even after the woman vomits, she remains nauseous.
Kreosotum: When this remedy is indicated, the woman may salivate so much that she constantly swallows it, becoming nauseous. She may also vomit up food that looks undigested, several hours after eating.
Lacticum acidum: This remedy is indicated for “classic morning sickness”: nausea worse immediately on waking in the morning and on opening the eyes. The woman may salivate a lot and have burning stomach pain. She usually has a decent appetite and feels better after eating.
Nux vomica: Nausea, especially in the morning and after eating, may respond to this remedy—especially if the woman is irritable, impatient, and chilly. She may retch a lot and have the urge to vomit, often without success. Her stomach feels sensitive and crampy, and she may be constipated.
Pulsatilla: This remedy can be helpful if nausea is worse in the afternoon and evening (often in the morning, as well). The woman is not very thirsty, although she may feel better from drinking something cool. She can crave many different foods, but feels sick from many things (including foods she craves). Creamy foods or desserts may be appealing, but can cause discomfort and burping or bring on vomiting. A woman who needs this remedy usually is affectionate, insecure, and weepy—wanting a lot of attention and comforting.
Sepia: Gnawing, intermittent nausea with an empty feeling in the stomach suggests a need for this remedy. It is especially indicated for a woman who is feeling irritable, sad, worn out, and indifferent to her family. She feels worst in the morning before she eats, but is not improved by eating and may vomit afterward. Nausea can be worse when she is lying on her side. Odors of any kind may aggravate the symptoms. Food often tastes too salty. She may lose her taste for many foods, but may still crave vinegar and sour things.
Tabacum: This remedy can be helpful to a woman who feels a ghastly nausea with a sinking feeling in the pit of her stomach. She looks extremely pale, feels very cold and faint, and needs to lie very still and keep her eyes closed. If she moves at all, she may vomit violently—or break out in cold sweat and feel terrible.

Homeopathy Dosage Directions

Select the remedy that most closely matches the symptoms. In conditions where self-treatment is appropriate, unless otherwise directed by a physician, a lower potency (6X, 6C, 12X, 12C, 30X, or 30C) should be used. In addition, instructions for use are usually printed on the label.

Many homeopathic physicians suggest that remedies be used as follows: Take one dose and wait for a response. If improvement is seen, continue to wait and let the remedy work. If improvement lags significantly or has clearly stopped, another dose may be taken. The frequency of dosage varies with the condition and the individual. Sometimes a dose may be required several times an hour; other times a dose may be indicated several times a day; and in some situations, one dose per day (or less) can be sufficient.

If no response is seen within a reasonable amount of time, select a different remedy.

For more information, including references, see What is Homeopathy? and Understanding Homeopathic Potencies.

Pregnancy, Prematurity and Pumping

First up — I was invited to do a guest post on the “Breastfeeding with Comfort and Joy” blog on my experience with pumping breastmilk for someone else’s baby. The post was inspired by this video, entitled “Prescription Milk,” which focuses primarily on the importance of babies — particularly premature babies — getting human milk for their nutrition.

It was so touching that the mother featured in the trailer chose to celebrate and memorialize her daughter’s brief life, by continuing to pump milk even after her own baby died, so that other babies might live.

My personal experience was that I had over-supply issues, so being able to pump extra was a blessing, instead of having to try to minimize my production. Some mothers may not be able to pump enough milk to feed their babies, but there isn’t enough donated milk to supply all the babies who need it. If you are currently pregnant or breastfeeding, or know someone who is, please look into becoming a milk donor through the Human Milk Banking Association of North America, your local hospital, some other organization, or (like I did) just giving a friend bottles or bags of milk. You have to be screened to make sure you aren’t carrying any diseases that may be transmissible through breastmilk, so get started on the process as soon as you can.

Pregnancy is the perfect time to start preparing yourself for breastfeeding. The best way to do that is to talk to women who have successfully breastfed, and watch women breastfeed. I emphasize, “successfully breastfed,” because so many women tell horror stories of how awful breastfeeding was, and how they ended up with sore, cracked, even bleeding nipples, or how they “tried to breastfeed, but I never could make enough milk,” or some other unsuccessful breastfeeding experience. You wouldn’t ask a poor man how to become a millionaire; you wouldn’t ask a teenager for tips on a successful marriage; and you definitely wouldn’t ask me for tips on how to run fast or throw a baseball. 😉 You would instead seek out someone who had been successful in whatever it is you were wanting to succeed. Likewise, don’t ask someone who had a horrible time breastfeeding for breastfeeding tips (even if the lactation person she saw at the hospital said she was doing everything right, or she is otherwise sure she did what she was supposed to do). Or if you do, don’t be surprised if you, too, have a horrible time breastfeeding! Instead, seek out those who had an easy time, who were successful, who had no pain, who nursed as long as they wanted to (and/or longer than they expected). If you don’t know anyone that fits that description, or feel awkward asking to watch them as they nurse their babies, don’t despair! There is a book filled with beautiful and intimate breastfeeding images, along with clear and simple text, to help you see what a good latch really looks like and how to achieve that.

Get the book now, while you’re still pregnant, read the text, study the pictures, take it with you to the hospital (or just keep it at your bed-side table if you’re having a home birth), and start breastfeeding off not just correctly but confidently. As World Breastfeeding Week draws to a close, let’s not just celebrate breastfeeding, but help support women as they breastfeed, and remove hindrances that would keep them from success.

~*~

Update — I just noticed that WP has added a “like” feature to posts — that’s cool! 🙂

Kegels don’t do squat?

If there is one mantra, dogma, or axiomatic belief among women “in the know” when it comes to birth and babies, it’s that Kegels are wonderful, necessary, beneficial, etc. Now, someone is challenging that assertion. In short, the way the pelvic floor is understood is wrong, and needs to be changed. Tighter doesn’t necessarily mean better; it just means tighter, which may actually lead to a worsening of the problem. You need to read the whole article, because I’m skipping a lot (or else I’d be tempted to copy and paste most of it, but that wouldn’t be nice), but basically, squatting is what she recommends for incontinence and other things that Kegels are supposed to help.

If she just said that Kegels don’t work, I might be a tad suspicious that rather than being a lone voice of reason, she’s a lone voice for a reason [sorry, couldn’t help the chiasmus there :-)], although I’ve read enough from people who say that most women don’t do them right, and doing them “wrong” is worse than not doing any at all to know that there are many people who share her opinion at least to an extent. However, it was her suggestion of doing squats rather than Kegels which resonated with me.

Squatting is natural; doing Kegels is not, really. For most of human history, women (and men too) had to do a lot of physically demanding work, including a lot of squatting — tending the fire, garden, children, etc. Even in the absence of work, squatting was a natural way to rest and relax, if a chair was not available for whatever reason. Squatting is a normal part of life except for (primarily Western) adults who view squatting as either menial or childish. It’s not really a normal part of life to try to stop and hold the Kegel muscles, is it?

So, I’ll add this to my mental list of reasons to squat more regularly. What do you think of this article?

Hope for pregnant women with heart disease

I just read this article and thought it was amazing. Often, women with pulmonary hypertension are advised not to get pregnant, and if they do get pregnant (or if they only find out that they have pulmonary hypertension while pregnant, which is unfortunately a common time for diagnosis), they are advised to undergo an abortion immediately. Why? Apparently after giving birth, the body can’t handle the fluid overload, so women frequently die. About 50-60% of women so affected die in the top health centers — with the best medicine and the best care, a greater than 50% mortality rate! Yet one doctor has a 0% mortality rate, out of 40 women. Doesn’t sound like coincidence to me!

The treatment sounds so simple, so obvious, when it’s explained: basically, since it’s the fluid overload with a term birth that overwhelms the heart and kills the woman, she is given a C-section at 35-36 weeks (less fluid build-up than at term), and then hospitalized for several days afterward while they draw fluid off with medicine and diuretics — nine liters — that’s almost two and a half gallons!

For many women with this condition, being advised to have an abortion is a horrendous decision — an unchoice. This doctor may give them hope.

Why not to have an ultrasound

Some things serendipitously fall into my lap. I had been thinking about writing a post like this for a while, and then today found someone who said it even better than I did (plus has done the research that I haven’t done!) — Ultrasound and Fury: One Mother’s Ordeal.

In short, her baby girl was diagnosed by three different doctors (including at least one specialist) as having club foot, so they spent the remainder of the pregnancy researching club foot, trying to come to terms with the diagnosis. At birth, the baby was perfectly normal. Other parents and babies aren’t that lucky — aborting babies who turned out to be healthy and normal, or continuing the pregnancy under a deep cloud at a diagnosis more serious than club foot.

There are some benefits of ultrasound — some parents have said that knowing their child’s diagnosis (when it was accurate) prior to birth helped them to prepare for their baby’s condition after birth, or to prepare for a stillbirth or a short life after birth. There are a few conditions that can be diagnosed prior to birth and either fixed prior to birth (extremely rare) or (occasionally) to be ready for immediate surgery or care at birth; however, the research the author cited showed that there was no significant benefit to having ultrasound done routinely, as opposed to it being done when there was reason to suspect something was wrong — such as the baby not seeming to be growing.

Of course, if you’re the parent of a child for whom ultrasound was a benefit, then it’s significant to you. However, if you’re the parent of a child who was wrongly diagnosed by ultrasound, it’s also significant to you.

This also doesn’t take into consideration that there may be harms of ultrasound even when there is no misdiagnosis. I’m convinced that most babies sense that there is something going on when an ultrasound or Doppler is aimed at them, even if it’s supposedly out of the range of hearing. Doppler was used on me during my first pregnancy to find the fetal heart-tones, and my baby ran from it every time — far too consistent for it to be a fluke. I’ve seen recent news about doctors trying to use a blast of ultrasound to render men sterile for 6 months. I’m assuming that this type of ultrasound is not exactly the same as what is used in a typical prenatal appointment — that it’s either stronger, longer, or more directly applied… but it still makes me wonder — if ultrasound can stop men from producing sperm for several months, what else can it do? Just like electricity can be used for good, powering this computer, it can also be used for bad, maiming or killing someone. I wish ultrasound were better studied, to make sure that it was only used for good, and keeping it from harming people as much as possible.

The use of ultrasound scanning during pregnancy is now so widespread it seems almost as banal as taking a patient’s blood pressure. Unlike amniocentesis, it is considered safe, noninvasive and painless for both mother and child. Formal studies indicate that 70 percent of all pregnant women get at least one scan, and the true number is probably higher, said Dr. E. O. Horger 3d, chairman of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine in Columbia. If a woman does not request ultrasound, many obstetricians will recommend it, as mine did, ”just to see how things are going.” They make that suggestion even though the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Academy of Family Physicians and other medical organizations advise against the routine use of ultrasound in pregnancy.

Link Round-up

Ok, for lack of spare time, in conjunction with internet connection issues [long story, but my husband’s LAN port shorted out or something so we can’t both be on the computer at the same time], I have a whole bunch of interesting posts I’d like to share, and no time to discuss them. But I’m not going to be getting any more time in the future — I’m pretty sure we’re stuck at 24 hours per day for a while, anyway! — so, I’m just going to post the links with a little commentary, so I can clear out both my mental space and my computer browser.

Mom has a successful birth after eighteen miscarriages.

Ms Baker had high levels of a subtype of white blood cell, known as Natural Killer (NK) cells.The cells would normally protect the body against foreign viruses, but in Ms Baker’s case they mistook the foetus for a foreign body and attacked it.

Dr Shehata’s treatment is pioneering because it starts before conception and uses higher than normal doses of steroids.

Natural vs. artificial oxytocin [Pitocin, Syntocinon] in birth.

Oxytocin administered as an i.v. bolus of 10 IU induces chest pain, transient profound tachycardia, hypotension, and concomitant signs of myocardial ischaemia according to marked ECG and STC-VM changes. The effects are related to oxytocin administration and not to pregnancy, surgical procedure, delivery, or sympathetic block from spinal anaesthesia.

Think your doctor knows about breastfeeding because s/he graduated from med school? Think again!

One of the speakers, ABM member Dr. Nancy Wight, spoke on breastfeeding. Almost every word was news to me. Medical school, residency, chief residency and part of a neonatology fellowship and I did not know about any of the content she was presenting. One of the other speakers lectured on lice- that I knew something about. But breastfeeding? Nope. How did Dr. Wight know this stuff when I didn’t? Who taught her yet set me loose on an unsuspecting patient population armed only with my personal 7-week breastfeeding experience? [….]

You really need to read the whole article — I want to cut and paste the whole thing because every part of it is worth reading. But that would be plagiarism, so just go read it.

While on the subject of breastfeeding, a nurse writes about a conversation she overheard between a breastfeeding mother and a mother planning on formula-feeding, occurring a few hours after birth. Very good article!

And “The Language of Breastfeeding” — highlighting the importance of noting that breastfeeding is not “superior” but is “normal,” while formula feeding is “inferior.”

When we (and the artificial milk manufacturers) say that breastfeeding is the best possible way to feed babies because it provides their ideal food, perfectly balanced for optimal infant nutrition, the logical response is, “So what?” Our own experience tells us that optimal is not necessary. Normal is fine, and implied in this language is the absolute normalcy–and thus safety and adequacy–of artificial feeding. The truth is, breastfeeding is nothing more than normal. Artificial feeding, which is neither the same nor superior, is therefore deficient, incomplete, and inferior. Those are difficult words, but they have an appropriate place in our vocabulary.

I may at some point write a whole post on guilt and breastfeeding, but this isn’t it. However, formula is inferior to breastmilk, and everyone should know it. A recent study showed that over 900 babies’ lives could be saved every year here in the United States, not just in some third-world country with nasty water, if 90% of women breastfed. So, yeah, I think if you could have breastfed and chose not to, you ought to feel guilty about it, just as you should feel guilty for blowing smoke into your baby’s face or getting drunk while pregnant or having an elective induction at 35 weeks gestation just because you’re tired of being pregnant. HOWEVER, many mothers who end up using formula are not choosing to use it, they’re making an “un-choice.” Their choice would be to breastfeed, but because of one or another of the “Booby Traps” (TM), end up not being able to. My intent is not to make these mothers feel bad. There are many women who would love to breastfeed, but must work in order to feed, clothe, and house themselves and their babies. Formula is inferior to breastmilk, but starving your baby all day doesn’t work either! And there are many, many more women who wanted to breastfeed or tried to breastfeed, but for one reason or another — perhaps bad advice or hearing too many horror stories — ended up falling back on formula. I know at least two different women — both stay-at-home moms — whose mom or dad died when their baby was young, and the stress of the situation caused their already-shaky milk supply to dry up completely. It wasn’t their fault that their parents died; and such a situation is certainly stressful, either due to a sudden death or due to a lingering hospital stay. They did not choose to stop breastfeeding — that was just life circumstances forcing them into an “un-choice.” In these instances, formula was necessary, and though inferior to breastmilk, was superior to starvation. But this article is about changing one aspect of the culture to truly promote and enhance breastfeeding, by slightly changing the wording to give breastfeeding more force and highlighting not just the superior nature of breastmilk but the inferior nature of formula.

And if you think that this is causing unnecessary guilt because “everybody knows” that breastmilk is superior… you’re missing the point of the whole “mental shift” in breastfeeding language that this article is talking about, and you need to read the “overheard conversation” in the link above, in which the mother who had decided to feed her baby formula had been told that formula was “just as good” as breastmilk.

Nowhere is the comfortable illusion of bottlefed normalcy more carefully preserved than in discussions of cognitive development. When I ask groups of health professionals if they are familiar with the study on parental smoking and IQ (1), someone always tells me that the children of smoking mothers had “lower IQs.” When I ask about the study of premature infants fed either human milk or artificial milk (2), someone always knows that the breastmilk-fed babies were “smarter.” I have never seen either study presented any other way by the media–or even by the authors themselves. Even health professionals are shocked when I rephrase the results using breastfeeding as the norm: the artificially-fed children, like children of smokers, had lower IQs.

Inverting reality becomes even more misleading when we use percentages, because the numbers change depending on what we choose as our standard. If B is 3/4 of A, then A is 4/3 of B. Choose A as the standard, and B is 25% less. Choose B as the standard, and A is 33 1/3% more. Thus, if an item costing 100 units is put on sale for “25% less,”the price becomes 75. When the sale is over, and the item is marked back up, it must be marked up 33 1/3% to get the price up to 100. Those same figures appear in a recent study (3), which found a “25% decrease” in breast cancer rates among women who were breastfed as infants. Restated using breastfed health as the norm, there was a 33-1/3% increase in breast cancer rates among women who were artificially fed. Imagine the different impact those two statements would have on the public.

Yes, imagine the paradigm shift that would occur if people — particularly mothers — were told that infants fed formula had lower IQs and higher rates of breast cancer as women. I think there would be a stronger push from mothers to promote breastfeeding, if the conversation proceeded along those lines — making breastfed babies the standard against which formula-fed babies were measured, rather than the other way ’round.

What is said, vs. what is heard” — if you’ve ever been in one of “those conversations” when you react not only to what someone has actually said but what you thing s/he meant, you’ll enjoy this. Here’s a taste:

She said, “Are all those kids yours?”

I heard, “Is that impossibly large number of children yours? Have you ever heard of birth control?”

I said, “Yes. They are all mine.”

She heard, “They are all mine. I am a saint.”

Whose responsibility is it? — when a woman ends up with an unnecessary intervention during birth, is it her responsibility or is it the doctor’s? This says a lot of what I’ve said before and/or wanted to say on the topic, although I don’t necessarily agree with 100% of it. In short, there is a balance between women’s responsibility in choosing the right care-giver and between the doctor’s responsibility in not intervening unnecessarily. If a woman knowingly chooses a doctor who has a high C-section rate, she shouldn’t be too surprised if she ends up “needing” a C-section too; on the other hand, if the woman believes the doctor (or hospital) to have a low rate of unnecessary interventions and then ends up with an unnecessary episiotomy or C-section, then she should rightfully be upset if she finds out that she was lied to or misled. Women should be conscientious consumers of health care, and not just blindly follow their doctors; but doctors should be conscientious providers of health care, and should be able to be blindly followed. They both have responsibilities; but I would put the emphasis more heavily on the side of doctors, because they have an implicit office of trust, in that they are “the medical professionals who have gone through years and years of study of medicine,” so often their opinion has more weight (and rightly so) than the average person. Since they speak with more authority, they have the greater responsibility not to abuse that authority. And doctors who have a 70% C-section rate for low-risk moms would have a hard time convincing me that even most of them were the responsibility of the mother.

Amazing Vernix

I just had to share this link — the “summary” would be (drum roll, please) that there are antimicrobial agents in vernix and amniotic fluid. The authors theorize that if more babies were allowed to have the vernix kept on their skin and/or rubbed in, that there would be fewer infections that sometimes can be dangerous.